REMINDER: We only have one service this week due to the Race Traffic. Our Service is at 8:00 am with Sunday School at 9:30 am. No 11:00 am service. No Youth Group.
We’ve already seen a bit of grumbling from the scribes about Jesus teaching (Mark 2:7), but now in Mark 2:18-3:6 the questions move from questions about the disciples (Mark 2:18,23) to questions about Jesus (Mark 3:2) in a more direct way. This passage is filled with questions. Questions they pose to Jesus, and rebuttals in the form of questions from Jesus. You will probably have many questions in this passage too! (What is fasting? Why do they have all these rules? Who are the Herodians?) Look at our “Special Terms” below for some basic definitions.
Please don’t let these questions or even the questions of the scribes and Pharisees cause you to miss what this passage is really about: the identity and authority of Jesus. Notice how each answer Jesus gives is linked to his identity. For example: Why do his disciples not fast? Because He’s the bridegroom. His presence changes everything. Why do they eat on the Sabbath? Because He’s the Lord of the Sabbath.
Consider the following questions as you prepare for our weekly gathering, Sunday, Sept. 24, 2017 (only one service at 8:00 am).
Who is Jesus?
- What are all the different images or descriptions that Jesus uses for himself? Consider Mark 2:19, 21, 22, 28.
- What do you think the Pharisees have misunderstood about Jesus’ identity?
- Why did Jesus come?
- According to Mark 2:19, why did Jesus come?
- According to Mark 2:22-23, why did Jesus come?
- According to Mark 2:28, why did Jesus come?
What does that mean for us?
- Are you surprised by the Pharisees response to Jesus in Mark 3:6? Why or Why not?
- How do we see Christ’s lordship in Mark 2:18-3:6? What does that mean for you?
- Who is attracted to Jesus and who is not attracted to Jesus? How does that apply to you?
- Pharisees – literally means separatists. IN the time of Jesus, there were the popular religious party (John 7:48). They were extremely accurate and minute in all matters pertaining to the law of Moses (Matt. 9.14; 23:15; Luke 11:39; 18:12).
- Fasting - The discipline of abstaining for a time from all or certain foods. In the Bible, fasting often accompanies prayer for the purpose of intensive intercession, repentance, worship, or the seeking of guidance. To understand the controversy over fasting, one needs to appreciate the significance of fasting in first-century Judaism. Fasting had a rich heritage in Judaism and was a highly regarded act of worship. Fasts were tied to the Day of Atonement in the OT (Lev. 16:29). In addition, four daylong fasts were held to recall the destruction of Jerusalem (Zech. 7:3, 5; 8:19). Fasts were also used for penitence (1 Kings 21:27; Joel 1:14; 2:15–27; Isa. 58:1–9) and mourning (Esth. 4:3). The Pharisees had developed fasting into a regular practice. Twice a week, on Mondays and Thursdays, they would fast and intercede for the nation (Luke 18:12; Didache 8.1; SB 4:77–114; Behm, TDNT 4:924–35).
- Sabbath - (Heb. verb shabbath, meaning “to rest from labour”), the day of rest. It is first mentioned as having been instituted in Paradise, when man was in innocence (Gen. 2:2). “The sabbath was made for man,” as a day of rest and refreshment for the body and of blessing to the soul. It is next referred to in connection with the gift of manna to the children of Israel in the wilderness (Ex. 16:23); and afterwards, when the law was given from Sinai (20:11), the people were solemnly charged to “remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.” Thus it is spoken of as an institution already existing. In the Mosaic law strict regulations were laid down regarding its observance (Ex. 35:2, 3; Lev. 23:3; 26:34). The Sabbath went from sundown Friday night to sundown Saturday night.
- David – David is the anointed King. However, Saul is still chasing David trying to kill him. In 1 Sam. 21:3-6, David and his men go into the house of God and eat the bread of the presence, which was technically illegal (Ex. 29:32-33; Lev. 24:5-9).
- Abiathar, the high priest - A person appointed by God in the Old Testament to offer sacrifices, prayers, and praises to God on behalf of the people.
- Son of Man - The term by which Jesus referred to himself most often, which had an Old Testament background, especially in the heavenly figure who was given eternal rule over the world in the vision in Daniel 7:13.
- Synagogue – Worshiping in a synagogue happens after the Jews have been exiled and the temple is destroyed. So the synagogue replaced the temple. There were no sacrifices offered in synagogue worship. The services of the synagogue consisted (1) of prayer, which formed a kind of liturgy, there were in all eighteen prayers; (2) the reading of the Scriptures in certain definite portions; and (3) the exposition of the portions read.
- Herodians - a Jewish political party who sympathized with (Mark 3:6; 12:13; Matt. 22:16; Luke 20:20) the Herodian rulers in their general policy of government, and in the social customs which they introduced from Rome